Hindi Diwas 2021: After independence, in this way Hindi became the official language of the country, know – history

Hindi Diwas 2021: Hindi got the status of official language on September 14 1949. Since then every year this date is celebrated as ‘Hindi Diwas’. Very few people know why this day is celebrated and what is the significance of this day. Let us talk about it in detail.

Hindi Diwas is celebrated every year on 14 September. Hindi is the fourth most spoken language in the world after English, Spanish and Mandarin. Every year on Hindi Diwas the President of India honors people with Rajbhasha Puraskar for their contribution towards the language.

The history of Hindi language in India is from the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family. Which is written in Devanagari script as one of the official languages ​​of India. Let us tell you, when the country became independent, after that the biggest question was about the language itself. We all know that hundreds of languages ​​and dialects are spoken in India. In such a situation, choosing one language as the official language of India was a big challenge for the framers of our constitution.

Hindi and English were chosen earlier

On 6 December 1946, the Constituent Assembly was formed to prepare the constitution of independent India. On 26 November 1949, the final draft of the constitution was approved by the Constituent Assembly, after which independent India’s own constitution came into force from 26 January 1950 in the whole country, but even at that time it was a big question as to which language was used as the official language. be selected.

After which a lot of thought was done, then Hindi and English were chosen as the language of the new nation. The Constituent Assembly had accepted Hindi written in Devanagari script as the official language of the nation along with the British, but then on 14 September 1949, the Constituent Assembly decided by one vote that Hindi would be the official language of India. Section 343(1) of Chapter 17 of the Constitution of India states that “The official language of the Union shall be Hindi and the script Devanagari.

Let us tell you, in the Hindi Sahitya Sammelan in 1918, Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of the Nation of India, took the initiative to make Hindi the national language. Mahatma Gandhi had also described Hindi as the language of the masses.

When the Hindi language was chosen as the official language of the country, the country’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru had said that every year 14 September should be celebrated as Hindi Diwas in view of the importance of this day. The first Hindi Day in India was celebrated on 14 September 1953. Since then, Hindi Diwas is being celebrated on 14th September till today.

Will Hindi language disappear?

It is true that today the English language has the upper hand. Even today people in the country feel that the one who knows more English is knowledgeable. People start considering them as high profile, even during the job, many companies see how much the candidate has in the English language, more than the experience of the person. If this continues with time, then the Hindi language will disappear from the people somewhere and the scope of the English language will keep on increasing.

If even today we do not take care about the language, then the day is not far when the Hindi language will completely disappear from our midst. If we want to keep the importance of Hindi language alive, then its promotion will have to be increased. Also, Hindi will have to be given priority in the work of government and private offices. With this, the ability of any person should not be judged on the basis of English language only.

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