New Delhi: The success of the Taliban in Afghanistan, that is, its quick capture, indicates that the US has completely failed to understand Pakistan. Amrullah Saleh, the former vice-president of neighboring Afghanistan, had long ago said about the Pakistan-Taliban alliance that the root cause of the hatred among ordinary Afghans towards Pakistan is its support for the Taliban.
‘Mistake in understanding Pakistan’
In November 2020, former Afghan President Hamid Karzai referred to President Joe Biden’s failure to hold Pakistan accountable for supporting the Taliban. Karzai reiterated his point in March 2021, saying that Afghans were being used against each other by outside forces. At the same time, Pakistan now wants to achieve strategic supremacy in Afghanistan through the Taliban. US Senator Lindsey Graham had said, ‘Afghanistan’s war could end in a few weeks if Pakistan refuses to give safe haven to the Taliban in its territories.’
‘Imran Khan’s role remains doubtful’
In June 2021, when Pakistani PM Imran Khan was asked whether Pakistan would allow the US to use its land to carry out counter-terrorist operations against Islamic State (IS) and the Taliban in Afghanistan, Khan had flatly refused to do so. At the same time, Imran Khan had also said that the US has “really messed up” in Afghanistan, that is why the US-led NATO forces have failed miserably. Imran Khan also said that the Taliban needed to be part of an “inclusive government” in Kabul.
US Special Envoy for the Afghanistan Peace Process, Zalmay Khalilzad, added to America’s confusion over Pakistan. Using his diplomatic experience, Khalilzad aggressively lobbied to support Mullah Baradar and at the behest of Pakistan, fueled the discourse that Baradar was pragmatic and wanted a settlement. He put the weight of American diplomacy behind his release and then with his cleverness put Baradar in a strong position in Doha.
‘Causes of American failure’
Despite the huge expenditure and powerful army, the US could not wipe out the Taliban from the soil of Afghanistan. The main reason for this failure was the open support given to the Taliban by Pakistan because for almost two decades this organization operated from Pakistan. Meanwhile, Afghanistan chieftain and chief of the Afghan National Police, General Abdul Razik, said, “Whoever they are, we will not surrender to them.” We have no option but to defend the country. They are not Taliban, they are terrorists. This is a war imposed on us from outside. The main hideout of the enemy is not here, but in Pakistan.
‘Billions of Dollars Spent Still Cipher Result’
According to an estimate, the US has lost thousands of crores of rupees in Afghanistan. Even in investment, America spent crores of rupees in Afghanistan. Documents kept in the US Senate also confirm this. In addition, Pakistani Senator Faisal Abidi publicly acknowledged that Pakistan was funding the Haqqaniya madrassa which is believed to be the base of the Taliban and where the assassination of Benazir Bhutto was planned.
Many proofs of Pakistan’s actions
General Pervez Musharraf himself had confessed on public TV that Pakistan is the base of the Taliban and the Pakistan Army has trained its terrorists. On 22 September 2011, US Admiral Mike Mullen and Defense Secretary Leon Panetta said that Pakistan provided safe haven to the Taliban, with the help of which the terrorist organization carried out the US embassy in Kabul and other attacks. At the same time, in October 2017, the US said that at least 21 terrorist groups are active on both sides of the Durand Line.
These include Tehreek-e-Taliban Afghanistan, Haqqani Network, Daesh, Al-Qaeda, Hizbul Mujahideen, Taliban group led by Mullah Nazir, Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), Harkat-ul-Jihad Islami, Harkat-ul-Jihad The names of Bangladesh, Lashkar-e-Janghvi, Harkat-ul-Mujahideen, Jaishi Mohammad, Lashkar-e-Taiba are included. Out of which 15 are Pakistani.